Countries and territories. African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights. Countries and territories of Africa.
Evénements autour du 60e Anniversaire
Retrieved 12 April However, Chadian Arabic in the Far North region's department of Logone-et-Chari acts as the lingua franca irrespective of ethnic groups. Main articles: Geography of Cameroon and Geology of Cameroon. Cameroon controls 12 nautical miles of the Atlantic Ocean.
ㅇ Thème: Création de logo pour célébrer le 60e anniversaire de l’établissement des relations diplomatiques entre la Corée et le Cameroun ㅇ Période: Du 27 janvier au 17 février à 24h00 ㅇ Annonce des résultats: 25 février sur le site officiel de l’Ambassade de Corée au Cameroun - Près de Camerounais et.
- Last accessed 1 July
- Malaysia: Macmillan Education, p.
- Nigerian migrant workers flocked to Southern Cameroons, ending forced labour altogether but angering the local natives, who felt swamped.
15/11/2016 · https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camerounhttp://www.hymne-national.com/37_Cameroun.htmlChant de RalliementÔ Cameroun berceau de nos ancêtres,Va debout et jaloux...Author: FOALENG LOWE Rene
Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon
Official Website of the Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon. President Paul BIYA and Aliko Dangote discuss investments. The Head of State H.E. Paul BIYA received Aliko Dangote at the Unity Palace on Wednesday 23 June 2021 for hi...
République Du Cameroun. January 26 at AM ·. President Paul Biya. January 26 at AM. Decree to appoint of the National Blood Transfusion Centre Committee. #PaulBiya. #Cameroon. /5.
With the reintroduction of multi-party politics in December , the former British Southern Cameroons pressure groups called for greater autonomy, and the Southern Cameroons National Council advocated complete secession as the Republic of Ambazonia. In June , talks concerning a territorial dispute over the Bakassi peninsula were resolved. The talks involved President Paul Biya of Cameroon, then President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and then UN Secretary General Kofi Annan , and resulted in Cameroonian control of the oil-rich peninsula.
The northern portion of the territory was formally handed over to the Cameroonian government in August , and the remainder of the peninsula was left to Cameroon 2 years later, in In February , Cameroon experienced its worst violence in 15 years when a transport union strike in Douala escalated into violent protests in 31 municipal areas.
Cameroon declared victory over Boko Haram on Cameroonian territory in September Since November , protesters from the predominantly English-speaking Northwest and Southwest regions of the country have been campaigning for continued use of the English language in schools and courts.
People were killed and hundreds jailed as a result of these protests. The government responded with a military offensive, and the insurgency spread across the Northwest and Southwest regions.
As of [update] , fighting between separatist guerillas and government forces continues. The President of Cameroon is elected and creates policy, administers government agencies, commands the armed forces , negotiates and ratifies treaties, and declares a state of emergency. The National Assembly makes legislation. The government recognises the authority of traditional chiefs, fons, and lamibe to govern at the local level and to resolve disputes as long as such rulings do not conflict with national law.
Cameroon's legal system is a mixture of civil law , common law , and customary law. Cameroon is viewed as rife with corruption at all levels of government.
President Biya's Cameroon People's Democratic Movement CPDM was the only legal political party until December Numerous regional political groups have since formed. The primary opposition is the Social Democratic Front SDF , based largely in the Anglophone region of the country and headed by John Fru Ndi.
Biya and his party have maintained control of the presidency and the National Assembly in national elections, which rivals contend were unfair. Freedom House ranks Cameroon as "not free" in terms of political rights and civil liberties. Its foreign policy closely follows that of its main ally, France one of its former colonial rulers. President Biya has engaged in a decades-long clash with the government of Nigeria over possession of the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula.
In Cameroon petitioned the International Court of Justice to resolve the dispute. The two countries attempted to establish a cease-fire in , however, fighting continued for years. In , the ICJ ruled that the Anglo-German Agreement of gave sovereignty to Cameroon. The ruling called for a withdrawal by both countries and denied the request by Cameroon for compensation due to Nigeria's long-term occupation.
A UN-mediated summit in June facilitated an agreement for Nigeria to withdraw from the region and both leaders signed the Greentree Agreement. In July , UN ambassadors of 37 countries, including Cameroon, have signed a joint letter to the UNHRC defending China 's treatment of Uyghurs in the Xinjiang region. Males and females that are 18 years of age up to 23 years of age and have graduated high school are eligible for military service.
Those who join are obliged to complete 4 years of service. There is no conscription in Cameroon, but the government makes periodic calls for volunteers. Human rights organisations accuse police and military forces of mistreating and even torturing criminal suspects, ethnic minorities, homosexuals , and political activists.
Same-sex sexual acts are banned by section of the penal code with a penalty of from 6 months up to 5 years' imprisonment. Since December , Human Rights Watch claimed that Islamist armed group Boko Haram has stepped up attacks and killed at least 80 civilians in towns and villages in the Far North region of Cameroon.
The constitution divides Cameroon into 10 semi-autonomous regions, each under the administration of an elected Regional Council. Each region is headed by a presidentially appointed governor.
These leaders are charged with implementing the will of the president, reporting on the general mood and conditions of the regions, administering the civil service, keeping the peace, and overseeing the heads of the smaller administrative units. Governors have broad powers: they may order propaganda in their area and call in the army, gendarmes , and police. The divisions are further split into sub-divisions arrondissements , headed by assistant divisional officers sous-prefets. The districts, administered by district heads chefs de district , are the smallest administrative units.
Directly south of them are the Centre Centre and East Est. The South Province Sud lies on the Gulf of Guinea and the southern border. Cameroon's western region is split into four smaller regions: the Littoral Littoral and South-West Sud-Ouest regions are on the coast, and the North-West Nord-Ouest and West Ouest regions are in the western grassfields.
At , square kilometres , sq mi , Cameroon is the world's 53rd-largest country. Cameroon controls 12 nautical miles of the Atlantic Ocean.
Tourist literature describes Cameroon as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all major climates and vegetation of the continent: coast, desert, mountains, rainforest, and savanna. Cameroon is divided into five major geographic zones distinguished by dominant physical, climatic, and vegetative features.
The coastal plain extends 15 to kilometres 9 to 93 mi inland from the Gulf of Guinea  and has an average elevation of 90 metres ft. The South Cameroon Plateau rises from the coastal plain to an average elevation of metres 2, ft. This area is part of the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion. This region has a mild climate, particularly on the Western High Plateau , although rainfall is high. On 21 August , one of these, Lake Nyos , belched carbon dioxide and killed between 1, and 2, people.
The southern plateau rises northward to the grassy, rugged Adamawa Plateau. This feature stretches from the western mountain area and forms a barrier between the country's north and south.
This is an arid region with sparse rainfall and high median temperatures. Cameroon has four patterns of drainage. In the south, the principal rivers are the Ntem , Nyong , Sanaga , and Wouri. These flow southwestward or westward directly into the Gulf of Guinea. The Logone flows northward into Lake Chad, which Cameroon shares with three neighbouring countries.
In , the total adult literacy rate of Cameroon was estimated to be Among youths age 15—24 the literacy rate was Cameroon has one of the highest school attendance rates in Africa. Although attendance rates are higher in the south,  a disproportionate number of teachers are stationed there, leaving northern schools chronically understaffed. School attendance in Cameroon is also affected by child labour. The quality of health care is generally low.
Doctors and nurses who were trained in Cameroon, emigrate because in Cameroon the payment is poor while the workload is high. Nurses are unemployed even though their help is needed. Some of them help out voluntarily so they will not lose their skills. In , 29, death due to AIDS occurred in both adults and children. Breast ironing , a traditional practice that is prevalent in Cameroon, may affect girls' health. Also impacting women and girls' health, the contraceptive prevalence rate is estimated to be just Traditional healers remain a popular alternative to evidence-based medicine.
Major export markets include the Netherlands, France, China, Belgium, Italy, Algeria, and Malaysia. Unemployment was estimated at 3. They sell their surplus produce, and some maintain separate fields for commercial use. Urban centres are particularly reliant on peasant agriculture for their foodstuffs. Soils and climate on the coast encourage extensive commercial cultivation of bananas, cocoa, oil palms, rubber, and tea.
Inland on the South Cameroon Plateau, cash crops include coffee, sugar, and tobacco. Coffee is a major cash crop in the western highlands, and in the north, natural conditions favour crops such as cotton, groundnuts, and rice. Production of Fairtrade cotton was initiated in Cameroon in Livestock are raised throughout the country.
The commercial bushmeat trade has now surpassed deforestation as the main threat to wildlife in Cameroon. Nevertheless, in practice, the industry is one of the least regulated in Cameroon. Factory-based industry accounted for an estimated Cameroon possesses substantial mineral resources, but these are not extensively mined see Mining in Cameroon.
The rest of Cameroon's energy comes from oil-powered thermal engines. Much of the country remains without reliable power supplies. Transport in Cameroon is often difficult. Only 6. Intercity bus services run by multiple private companies connect all major cities. Although press freedoms have improved since the first decade of the 21st century, the press is corrupt and beholden to special interests and political groups.
The population of Cameroon was 25,, in People over 65 years of age account for only 3. According to the World Health Organization , the fertility rate was 4. People from the overpopulated western highlands and the underdeveloped north are moving to the coastal plantation zone and urban centres for employment.
Both monogamous and polygamous marriage are practised, and the average Cameroonian family is large and extended. In the south, women grow the family's food, and men provide meat and grow cash crops.
Cameroonian society is male-dominated, and violence and discrimination against women is common. The number of distinct ethnic and linguistic groups in Cameroon is estimated to be between and The northern peoples are Sudanese groups, who live in the central highlands and the northern lowlands, and the Fulani, who are spread throughout northern Cameroon.
A small number of Shuwa Arabs live near Lake Chad. Southern Cameroon is inhabited by speakers of Bantu and Semi-Bantu languages. Bantu-speaking groups inhabit the coastal and equatorial zones, while speakers of Semi-Bantu languages live in the Western grassfields.
Some 5, Gyele and Baka Pygmy peoples roam the southeastern and coastal rainforests or live in small, roadside settlements. In , Cameroon hosted approximately 97, refugees and asylum seekers. Of these, 49, were from the Central African Republic many driven west by war ,  41, from Chad , and 2, from Nigeria. In the first months of , thousands of refugees fleeing the violence in the Central African Republic arrived in Cameroon.
Cameroonian Pidgin English is the lingua franca in the formerly British-administered territories. As part of the initiative to encourage bilingualism in Cameroon, six of the eight universities in the country are entirely bilingual. In addition to the colonial languages, there are approximately other languages spoken by nearly 20 million Cameroonians. In the northern regions of the Far North , the North , and Adamawa , the Fulani language Fulfulde is the lingua franca with French merely serving as an administrative language.
However, Chadian Arabic in the Far North region's department of Logone-et-Chari acts as the lingua franca irrespective of ethnic groups. In there were language protests by the anglophone population against perceived oppression by francophone speakers. Cameroon has a high level of religious freedom and diversity. In addition, traditional faiths are practised by many. People from the North-West and South-West provinces, which used to be a part of British Cameroons , have the highest proportion of Protestants.
The French-speaking regions of the southern and western regions are largely Catholic. People widely believe in witchcraft, and the government outlaws such practices. Music and dance are integral parts of Cameroonian ceremonies, festivals, social gatherings, and storytelling. In a typical performance, a chorus of singers echoes a soloist. Musical accompaniment may be as simple as clapping hands and stamping feet,  but traditional instruments include bells worn by dancers, clappers, drums and talking drums , flutes, horns, rattles, scrapers, stringed instruments, whistles, and xylophones; combinations of these vary by ethnic group and region.
Some performers sing complete songs alone, accompanied by a harplike instrument. Popular music styles include ambasse bey of the coast, assiko of the Bassa, mangambeu of the Bangangte , and tsamassi of the Bamileke.
Makossa developed in Douala and mixes folk music, highlife, soul , and Congo music. Bikutsi originated as war music among the Ewondo. In the Northwest and Southwest provinces, collectively called Ambazonia , October 1 is considered a national holiday, a date Ambazonians consider the day of their independence from Cameroon.
Cuisine varies by region, but a large, one-course, evening meal is common throughout the country. A typical dish is based on cocoyams, maize , cassava manioc , millet , plantains , potatoes , rice , or yams , often pounded into dough-like fufu. This is served with a sauce, soup, or stew made from greens, groundnuts , palm oil , or other ingredients. Cutlery is common, but food is traditionally manipulated with the right hand.
Breakfast consists of leftovers of bread and fruit with coffee or tea. Snacks are popular, especially in larger towns where they may be bought from street vendors. Water, palm wine , and millet beer are the traditional mealtime drinks, although beer, soda, and wine have gained popularity. Cameroon's relatively large and diverse population is also diverse in its contemporary fashion. Climate; religious, ethnic and cultural beliefs; and influences from colonialism, imperialism and globalization are all reflected in modern Cameroonian dress.
Notable articles of clothing include: Pagnes , sarongs worn by Cameroon women; Chechia , a traditional hat; kwa, a male handbag; and Gandura , male custom attire. Imane Ayissi is one of Cameroon's top fashion designers and has received international recognition. Traditional arts and crafts are practiced throughout the country for commercial, decorative, and religious purposes. Woodcarvings and sculptures are especially common. Traditional housing styles use local materials and vary from temporary wood-and-leaf shelters of nomadic Mbororo to the rectangular mud-and-thatch homes of southern peoples.
Dwellings of materials such as cement and tin are increasingly common. Cameroonian literature has concentrated on both European and African themes. Colonial-era writers such as Louis-Marie Pouka and Sankie Maimo were educated by European missionary societies and advocated assimilation into European culture to bring Cameroon into the modern world.
National policy strongly advocates sport in all forms. Traditional sports include canoe racing and wrestling, and several hundred runners participate in the 40 km 25 mi Mount Cameroon Race of Hope each year.
Sport in Cameroon is dominated by football. Amateur football clubs abound, organised along ethnic lines or under corporate sponsors. Cameroon has won five African Cup of Nations titles and the gold medal at the Olympics.
Cameroon was the host country of the Women Africa Cup of Nations in November—December From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from La Republique du Cameroun. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 20 September Country in west-central Africa. This article is about the country.
For other uses, see Cameroon disambiguation. French English. Cameroonian Pidgin English Fula Ewondo Chadian Arabic Igbo Camfranglais. These are the titles as given in the Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon , Article X English at the Wayback Machine archived 28 February and French at the Wayback Machine archived 28 February versions.
The French version of the song is sometimes called Chant de Ralliement , as in Swarovski Orchestra National Anthems of the World. Koch International Classics; and the English version "O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers", as in DeLancey and DeLancey Main article: History of Cameroon. Main article: Kamerun. Main article: Politics of Cameroon. Further information: Foreign relations of Cameroon. Main article: Cameroonian Armed Forces. See also: Human rights in Cameroon.
Main articles: Regions of Cameroon and Departments of Cameroon. Main articles: Geography of Cameroon and Geology of Cameroon. Main articles: Education in Cameroon and Health in Cameroon. Main article: Economy of Cameroon. Main article: Demographics of Cameroon. Largest cities or towns in Cameroon According to the Census . Main article: Refugees in Cameroon. Further information: Languages of Cameroon. Main article: Religion in Cameroon. Religion in Cameroon estimate by CIA  Catholicism.
Main article: Culture of Cameroon. Further information: Public holidays in Cameroon. Further information: Cameroonian cuisine.
Main article: Literature of Cameroon. Further information: Cinema of Cameroon. Main article: Sport in Cameroon. Cameroon portal. World Factbook. Retrieved 3 August Institut national de la statistique.
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Transparency International. Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 26 July Amnesty International Report Amnesty International. Country Report: Edition. Les statuts de tout syndicat doivent comporter les dispositions suivantes :. Le bilinguisme institutionnel du Cameroun ne laisse aucune place aux langues nationales; l'individu qui ne parle que sa langue maternelle est prisonnier dans son propre pays. En dehors du village, point de salut!
BILOA, Edmond. BITJAA KODY, Z. State Party Report. KÖSTER, Dietrich. LECLERC, Jacques. MANASSE, Aboya Endong.
NGA MINKALA, Alice. TANI-MANGA, Jean. TABI-MANGA, Jean. Wuna de len fayn. I de wok plenti. Wi de kam evri mornin. I live in Bamenda. You are learning well. He works a lot. We come every morning. Vous apprenez bien.. Il travaille beaucoup. Nous venons tous les matins. L'enseignement de toute autre langue est interdit. Cette disposition n'a pas besoin de justification.
REPUBLIQUE DU CAMEROUN - MINFI
REPUBLIQUE DU CAMEROUN Paix-Travail-Patrie MINISTÈRE DES FINANCES LOI DE FINANCES 2021 RAPPORT SUR LA SITUATION ET LES PERSPECTIVES ECONOMIQUES, SOCIALES, ET FINANCIERES DE LA NATION EXERCICE 2020. Les versions actuelles et antérieures de ce rapport sont disponibles en français et en anglais sur les sites internet suivants :
Welcome to Cameroonian Embassy, The Hague, the Netherlands. THE HAGUE, Netherlands— 12 September H.E. Madam LIGUEMOH ONDOUA Madeleine is the new Cameroonian Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary (Head of Mission) to the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. She was appointed by a presidential. La république du Cameroun (en angl.:Republic of Cameroon) se trouve limitée au nord-ouest par le Nigeria, à l'est par le Tchad et la République centrafricaine, au sud par le Congo-Brazzaville, le Gabon et la Guinée équatoriale, à l'ouest par le golfe de Guinée (voir la carte).Le Cameroun s’étire vers le nord jusqu’au lac Tchad, formant un triangle de km² de superficie. Les Services du Premier Ministre: Instrument de mise en oeuvre de la Politique nationale camerounaise. Prime Minister's Office: A Tool for implementing National Policy in Cameroon.
The State Of British Southern Cameroons before La Republique du Cameroun
Cameroun : l’Unesco va former 1800 jeunes à la résolution des conflits transfrontaliers